The story of Java Man begins over a century ago. In 1890, a Dutch military physician and paleontologist Eugene Dubois discovered a fossilized primate jawbone at Trinil further east down the Solo river. This jawbone possessed distinctly human characteristics. Dubois was convinced that this was Darwin’s “missing link” in the evolution of man but lacked the evidence to prove his theory.
Nearly 50 years later, Berlin born paleontologist G H R von Koenigswald, unearthed a fossilized ‘java man’ or homo erectus jawbone in Sangiran. This was a much older fossil, dating back over a million years or more. Dubois was right. Java man was the proof he had needed that homo erectus existed in Java about as early as in Africa.
Today, scientists recognize that homo erectus, which inhabited the earth between 1.7 million to 250,000 years ago, are the direct ancestors of homo sapiens (modern human beings).
It’s believed that Java man probably made his home in caves or in open camps and it’s likely that he was the first humanoid that used fire. He also used stone axes and hand-adzes, most of which were discovered by the Baksoka River near Pacitan.
We were very pleased with the service we received from this company. Highly recommended! Thank you to our soft spoken and nice Supir Pak Budi! And thank you to Pak Agus too!
I got Pak Agus' number after reading his team's good review online. We were a party of 6; 5 adults and my 5-year old son travelling to Jogja for 6 days & 5 nights leisure trip. We were greeted by Mas Adi; albeit slighy misscomm...More
A great memory in yogyakarta with a great and superb supir Mas Adi. I give him 5 ⭐️ for the great service and hospitality that he give me during our journey there. His driving skill is very good even though he are still young. Mas...More
Follow the history of Java man and the story of his discovery at the small Sangiran Museum. This simple museum is located some 15 km north of the town of Solo (Surakarta). At the museum, learn about how prehistoric men might have lived millennia ago. The fossil shells and animal bones which are on display here range between 1.2 million and 500,000 years old. Also on display is an enormous 4-meter tusks from a stegodon which is estimated to have measured a staggering 11 meters from head to tail!
At the Sangiran museum you can see replicas of the original Java man fossils. Learn just how homo erectus was different from modern man.
Around 5 km west of the museum stands a three-storey viewing tower where you can see around the Sangiran valley. While you are here, learn more about Darwin’s theory of evolution through an audio visual presentation.
The highlight of your journey will be a visit to the 48 square km archaeological site. Located by the Bengawan Solo river at the foot of Mt. Lawu, this site is rich in prehistoric fossils, which often lie exposed in the fields after heavy storms. For anyone with an interest in archeology, this is a rare opportunity to see such ancient fossils.
Today locals are eager to sell fossils, mostly of seashells. Though some of the fossils may be genuine, collecting and selling fossils is illegal so some of the residents have turned to making replicas for a living.
Yogyakarta Tours & Transport
Yogyakarta Tour | Borobudur Sunrise Tour | Ramayana Ballet | Bromo Tour | Private Driver | Transport
Reservation Telp/SMS/ Whatsapp/Line:
+62 8191 5534 286
Email : email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org
enjoy treveling with us